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Abrasive Wheels

What are Abrasive Wheels? Abrasive wheels are defined as type of grinding wheels which is formed by an abrasive material and utilized for numerous grinding such as abrasive shearing and abrasive machining processes. These wheels are utilized in grinding different parts of machineries.

Manufacturing Design: The wheels are normally produced from a composite substance comprising of coarse-particle cumulatively pressed and fused collectively by a strengthening matrix (known as the reinforcement in grinding maneuver vocab) to produce a hard, spherical figure.

Numerous outlines and cross sections are obtainable reliant on the projected implementation for the wheel. They may also be produced from a concrete iron alloy or aluminum disc with elements attached to the exterior. Now a days almost all grinding wheels are synthetic composites produced with synthetic combinations, however the past of grinding wheels started with naturally occurring complex stones, for example those utilized for millstones.

Grade Designations: The abrasive aggregate is designated concerning to the indentation resistance of the material being cut.

  • Cubic boron nitride (CBN)
  • Aluminum oxide (A)
  • Diamond (D, MD, SD)
  • Silicon carbide (S)
  • Ceramic (C)

Letter Encodings for Hardness: The hardness characteristics of the abrasive bonding are enumerated by the letter coding. As the letter from ‘A’ increases towards ‘Z’, the level of hardness increases. Grade alters virtually all concerns of grinding, for example wheel speed, grinding depth, minimum feed rate, coolant flow, and maximum feed rates. We have broadly categorized three categories:

  • For softer structures we have A to H, softness decreases with increasing letters.
  • For moderately hard bonding we have I to P and hardness increases with increasing letters.
  • For hard composites we have Q to Z and again hardness increases with increasing letters.

Types of grinding wheels: There are two types of grinding wheels; one is called as super abrasives whilst the other is called as conventional abrasives.

  • Super abrasives are those Wheels which are having diamond or CBN grain structures.
  • Conventional abrasives wheels are those having grinding material of ceramic grains, aluminum oxide grains also known as corundum, and silicon carbide grain structures.

ISO Standardization Efforts: The ISO Technical Subcommittee number ISO/TC 29/SC 5 works on standardizing Grinding wheels and abrasives under the standard name ISO 603-7 titled as bonded abrasive products.


Engineer Ali Alvi is an industrial engineer who has post graduated from the NED University, then completed his Masters in Industrial Engineering from the University of Ontario. He has also served as an engineer in International Steel Ltd as A Cold rolling mill engineer.

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